2022-2023 Flu Season Vaccination Suggestions for Youngsters and Teens


Stay your pharmacy vaccine-ready to your youngest sufferers with probably the most present influenza vaccination data from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

With the brand new flu season abruptly coming near, it’s as soon as once more time to remind sufferers to get their seasonal vaccination. What are the ideas and updates for kids and youngsters this yr?

Suggestions

In a September 6, 2022 information unencumber, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommends flu pictures for all adolescents elderly ≥6 months with out a current contraindications. Any vaccine licensed for the kid’s age and well being standing is acceptable.1 Youngsters might get the intranasal are living attenuated influenza vaccine or the inactivated influenza vaccine by way of intramuscular injection consistent with the discharge. As well as, adolescents is also vaccinated for flu and COVID-19 on the similar time.1

The AAP famous that high-risk, medically inclined adolescents, their family contacts, and their caregivers particularly must be excessive priorities for vaccination. “Greater efforts are had to get rid of boundaries to immunization in all individuals experiencing upper charges of difficult results from influenza,” the discharge mentioned.1

The AAP additionally wired within the information unencumber that pregnant girls might get the flu shot at any time all the way through their being pregnant to offer protection to their babies in addition to themselves. In addition they famous the vaccine is secure for breastfeeding moms.1,3

The discharge highlighted gaps in vaccination protection in Black, Hispanic, American Indian, and Alaska Local populations, so pharmacists must be doing what they are able to to extend vaccination charges in those teams. “Right through the 2021-22 flu season, best 55% of kids had been vaccinated to offer protection to in opposition to influenza, and protection ranges had been 8.1 proportion issues decrease for Black adolescents in comparison with White adolescents, consistent with the Facilities for Illness Keep watch over and Prevention,” the discharge mentioned.

The ideas are in settlement with the Facilities for Illness Keep watch over and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) 2022-2023 flu vaccine ideas and are very similar to the 2021-2022 season.

Updates

The 2021-2022 flu season’s vaccines weren’t a excellent fit for circulating virus, alternatively, the season’s severity was once low. A CDC research in MMWR reported that the present season’s vaccine didn’t scale back outpatient breathing malady menace in 3636 adolescents, youngsters, and adults between October 4, 2021, and February 12, 2022.2 The vaccine for the 2022-2023 season has been up to date with a distinct H3N2 pressure to higher fit circulating malady.3 

For pediatric vaccination timing, ACIP recommends that almost all adolescents who best want a unmarried dose obtain vaccines in September or October. Alternatively, in contrast to maximum adults, adolescents receiving a unmarried dose might also have won the dose within the earlier July or August. Youngsters elderly 9 years and older best want 1 dose of vaccine.3

The CDC stories that kids between 6 months of age and eight years might want 2 doses of flu vaccine if they’ve by no means been vaccinated, or if they’ve best ever won 1 flu vaccine.3 Youngsters on this age crew who want 2 doses must get their first dose proper when the vaccine turns into to be had as a result of the second one vaccine must be given 4 weeks after the primary.3 Youngsters elderly more youthful than 5 years, and particularly the ones elderly more youthful than 2 years, are specifically liable to serious headaches from flu, so this age crew is particularly essential to vaccinate.3

Flu deaths amongst adolescents declined all the way through the COVID-19 pandemic on account of mitigation measures equivalent to overlaying. Ahead of the pandemic, 199 adolescents died from flu all the way through the 2019-2020 season. Just one pediatric demise from flu was once reported all the way through the 2020-2021, consistent with the CDC; there have been 34 pediatric deaths within the 2021-2022 flu season.4 Vaccination is as essential as ever to cut back pediatric morbidity and mortality and to cut back pressure at the well being care gadget given the uncertainty of COVID-19 q4 and iciness.

Brigid Groves, PharmD, MS, senior director of apply {and professional} affairs on the American Pharmacists Affiliation (APhA) in Washington, DC spoke with Drug Subjects® about AAP’s ideas. She mentioned crucial piece of this steerage for pharmacists to believe is that every one adolescents who’re eligible for the flu shot must get one they usually want to get them every year. “Now we have incorrect information circulating that children are much less impacted through flu and don’t want an annual shot. In point of fact all adolescents [aged] 6 months and older want to be vaccinated in opposition to influenza,” she mentioned. She added that pharmacists must ask oldsters or caregivers if their baby has had their flu shot when they’re within the pharmacy visiting to fill their baby’s medicines for such things as bronchial asthma inhalers or hypersensitive reaction medicines firstly of the varsity yr. “Having the dialog proper then and there, and making that robust advice for vaccination is helping to extend pediatric vaccination charges,” she mentioned. Groves concluded through pronouncing that consult with could also be a great time to suggest the kid or adolescent attend their well-child consult with with their supplier and to ensure they’re up-to-the-minute on all different vaccinations.

References

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics Urges Households to Get Youngsters Vaccinated for Influenza to Save you and Keep watch over Sickness in 2022-23. Information unencumber. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). September 6, 2022. Accessed September 6, 2022. https://www.aap.org/en/news-room/news-releases/aap/2022/american-academy-of-pediatrics-urges-families-to-get-children-vaccinated-for-influenza-to-prevent-and-control-illness-in-2022-23/
  2. Chung JR, Kim SS, Kondor RJ et al. Meantime estimates of 2021–22 seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness — United States, February 2022. MMWR 2022/71(10);365–370. Accessed September 5, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7110a1.htm?s_cid=mm7110a1_w
  3. Abstract: ‘Prevention and management of seasonal influenza with vaccines: ideas of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)—United States, 2022-23’. Facilities for Illness Keep watch over and Prevention (CDC). August 23, 2022. Accessed August 30, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/execs/acip/abstract/summary-recommendations.htm.
  4. Influenza-associated pediatric mortality. Facilities for Illness Keep watch over and Prevention (CDC). September 2, 2022. Accessed September 5, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/#:~:textual content=Influenzap.c2DAssociatedp.c20Pediatricp.c20Mortality&textual content=Thep.c20deathp.c20wasp.c20associatedp.c20with,havep.c20beenp.c20reportedp.c20top.c20CDC.


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